What Makes a Cosmetic Adulterated?

Below is an overview of how the FD&C defines adulterated cosmetics. Please see section 601 of the FD&C Act [21 U.S.C. 361] for more detailed information.

A cosmetic is deemed adulterated based on the following attributes:

  • Composition of the product itself
    • If it contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which causes injury to users as it is prescribed in the labeling
    • If it consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance
  • Conditions under which the product is manufactured, shipped, and stored
    • If it has been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
  • Container in which the product is packaged
    • If its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health